ALTA/NSPS LAND TITLE SURVEY
A survey done to standards established by the American Land Title Association (ALTA), the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping (ACSM) and the National Society of Professional Surveyors (NSPS) in 2005. The survey includes a boundary survey with corners monumented, all improvements shown, including utilities, area of land and buildings computed, and certification is made to specific parties. Other requirements may be included as requested by the client.
A survey performed to obtain dimensional data so that constructed improvements may be located and delineated.
A survey which documents the perimeter of a tract or parcel of land by establishing or re-establishing corners, monuments and boundary lines for the purpose of describing the parcel, location fixed improvements on the parcel, dividing the parcel or for platting.
A survey of new construction or conversion of an existing building delineating the limits of ownership, both horizontal and vertical, for each unit, and those areas of shared ownership within the condominium association.
CONSTRUCTION LAYOUT SURVEY
A survey in which measurements are made, prior to, and while construction is in progress, to control elevation, configuration, position and dimensions, of structures, and any other improvements.
A survey which provides horizontal or vertical position data for the support or control of subordinate surveys or for mapping.
A basic survey, generally used for residential real estate closings and refinancing purposes, which shows the relationship of buildings, fences and other major structures to the property line.
PLAT OF EASEMENT / PLAT OF VACATION
This survey visually depicts those areas being dedicated for special use such as ingress and egress (travel/access) purposes, public utilities, drainage and other special needs. Plats of Vacation reverse the use of publicly dedicated roadways or alleys or easements. These Plats are usually the visual exhibit attached to the legal documentation that verbally describes the intended purposes being set forth.
PLAT OF SUBDIVISION / RESUBDIVISION
This survey takes a large parcel of land and divides it into smaller parcels of land known as "lots". This usually must conform to the review process, guidelines and jurisdiction of a local agency (often the village, town or county board within whose limits the property is located). The surveyor begins with a boundary survey, and may also be called to provide a topographic survey or ALTA survey. Often a civil engineer will be contracted to create grading plans, storm drainage, utility and street plans.
A survey to obtain measurements of quantity, such as earthwork.
A survey of a strip or area of land used or proposed to be used for the construction and maintenance of a public way for travel (roadway), railroads, drainage or irrigation canals, and any other public or private right-of-way.
SPECIAL PURPOSE SURVEY
A survey performed for a purpose other than the purposes detailed in the other types of surveys listed here, such as for obtaining special permits for ad signs, cell towers, etc.
TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEY (TOPO)
A survey of the natural features of a land, as well improved areas, that determines the horizontal and vertical relationships, and shown with grades or contours, and all improvements and utilities.